Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould proposed bill C-16 before the Canadian parliament May 17. The bill would amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and Criminal Code to include gender identity and expression among other protected classes in regard to employment, education, hate crime prosecution and more.
"As Canadians, we should feel free and safe to be ourselves," Wilson-Raybould said during a news conference.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau hinted at the bill's introduction a day earlier while receiving an award for his service to the LGBT community.
"We must continue to demand true equality," he said. "We must work diligently to close the gap between our principles and our reality."
The U.S. has a similar bill currently in the House of Representatives, the Equality Act. However, the Republican-controlled House has not made any effort to advance the bill since its introduction last fall.